k̂o-, k̂e- (with particle k̂e “here”), k̂(e)i-, k̂(i)i̯o-

    k̂o-, k̂e- (with particle k̂e “here”), k̂(e)i-, k̂(i)i̯o-
    English meaning: this
    Deutsche Übersetzung: Pronominalstamm “this”, ursprũnglich ich-deiktisch, Lateer also “jener”
    Material: Arm. -s “article” (e.g. mard-s “the person”), sa “this”, ai-s ds., a-s-t “here”; Phryg. σεμου(ν) “this” (*k̂em + ōi); different Pedersen Tochar. 259. Gk. particle *κε in κεῖνος and ἐκεῖνος, Dor. Lesb. κῆνος “that” from *(ε)κε-ενος; out of it back formation (ἐ)κεῖ “there”, (ἐ)κεῖθι etc.; *k̂i̯o- in σήμερον, Att. τήμερον “today” (*κι̯ᾱμερον), whereupon also *κι̯ᾱFετες “this year” in σῆτες, Att. τῆτες, Dor. σᾶτες; Lat. -ce, ce-particle in ce-do “gib her” (also Osc. ce-bnust “er wird hergekommen sein”), cēterus “the other, the ũbrige” (*cĕ + *etero-, compare Umbr. etru “altero”); hi-c (*hi-ce), hīsce, sī-c (sī-ci-ne), illī-c, illū-c, tun-c, nun-c etc., Osc. ekak “hanc”, ekík “hoc” = pälign. eci-c, marr. iaf-c “eas”, esu-c “eo”; Osc. ídí-k, Umbr. ere-k “id”, Osc. ekas-k “hae”, Umbr. esmi-k “huic”, Lat. ecce (probably from *ed-ke, s. *e Pron.-stem), Osc. um -um extended ekk-um “also”, after puz “as” from *kʷuti-s reshaped ekss “ita”; Konglutinat e-ko- e.g. Osc. ekas “hae”, pälign. acuf “hīc”, ecuc “huc”, ecic “hoc”, *e-k(e)-so- e.g. Osc. exac “hac”; *k̂i- in Lat. cis “diesseits”, citer “diesseitig”, citrō “here”, citrü “dieseits”, citimus “nächstbefindlich”, Umbr. c̨ive “citra” (stem *k̂i-u̯o-), c̨imu, s̀imo “ad citima, retro”; O.Ir. cē “here, diesseits” (*k̂ei, compare changing through ablaut Ogom coi “here”, Gaul. κουι), cen (compare to n-suffix O.H.G. hina “weg” etc.) “diesseits” (in cen-alpande “cisalpinus”) and “without”, centar “diesseits”; Gaul. etic besides eti “also” could likewise -k̂e contain; O.N. hünn, hann “er” (*hünaR, IE *k̂ēnos from *k̂e-eno-s), hōn ‘sie”; asächs. hē, he, hie, O.H.G. hē, her “er”, only nom., O.E. hē̆ ds.; Goth. himma “huic”, hina “hunc”, hita n. “now, yet”, asächs. hiu-diga, O.H.G. hiu-tu “hoc die, today” (: asächs. ho-digo ds.), O.H.G. hiuru (*hiu-jüru) “this year”, Ger. jetzt, Austrian hietz(t), M.H.G.(*h)ie-zuo (from *hiu + Postpos. tō “to”); O.H.G. hina “weg”, Ger. hin, hinweg (compare O.Ir. cen); Goth. hiri “come here” (basic form doubtful); O.H.G. hëra, O.S. her “here”; Goth. hēr, O.H.G. hiar, O.E. hēr “here” (*k̂ēi-r); Goth. hidrē “here”, O.E. hider, Eng. hither “here” (: Lat.citer, citrō), nl. heden “today”, O.H.G. hitumum, hitamun “ previous, demum” (: Lat. citimus); strittig, whether here: Goth. hindana “ behind, beyond”, O.E. asächs. hindan, O.H.G. hintana “behind”, O.N. handan “from that Seite her, beyond”, komparativisch Goth. hindar, O.H.G.hintar “ behind “, superlativisch Goth. hindumists “hinterster, äußerster”, O.E. hindema “last”, whereas das n from *k̂i-n-t-, *k̂o-n-t identical as in O.H.G. hina wäre; or with Gaul. Cintugnütos “ firstborn “, O.Ir. cētne, Welsh kyntaf “erster” etc. to *ken- “fresh come, soeben sich einstellen, begin” (above S. 564) with the meaning “last” = “novissimus”? O.Pruss. schis (Adverb schai “here”), Lith. šì s (Ltv. šis = O.C.S. sь “this”), gen. Lith. šiõ , O.C.S. sego, acc. pl. O.C.S. sьję, fem. Lith. šì (Ltv. šĩ ) = O.C.S. si, acc. sg. f. sьjǫ, Lith. šì - tas “this” (*k̂i-to-), in addition štaĩ ‘sieh here” (old šitai), O.Pruss. stas “the”; Lith. šiañ dien, Ltv. šù odien “today”, Lith. šè , Ltv. še “here”, O.C.S. si-cь “τοιοῦτος” etc.; maybe Alb. (*šioñ dien) sonte “today” Hitt. ki “dieses”, ki-nun “now, yet” contains *k̂i (Pedersen Hitt. 50). Maybe Alb.Tosk m. ki, Gheg ky “this”
    References: WP. I 452 ff., WH. I 192 f., 208 f., 222, 390, 644 f., 855, 862, Trautmann 304, Schwyzer Gk. I 613.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Particle swarm optimization — (PSO) is a swarm intelligence based algorithm to find a solution to an optimization problem in a search space, or model and predict social behavior in the presence of objectives.OverviewParticle swarm optimization is a stochastic, population… …   Wikipedia

  • Particle therapy — Intervention ICD 9: 92.26 Particle therapy is a form of external beam radiotherapy using beams of energetic protons, neutrons, or positive ions for cancer treatment. The most common …   Wikipedia

  • Particle image velocimetry — (PIV) is an optical method used to measure velocities and related properties in fluids. The fluid is seeded with particles which, for the purposes of PIV, are generally assumed to faithfully follow the flow dynamics. It is the motion of these… …   Wikipedia

  • Particle in a box — In physics, the particle in a box (also known as the infinite potential well or the infinite square well) is a problem consisting of a single particle inside of an infinitely deep potential well, from which it cannot escape, and which loses no… …   Wikipedia

  • Particle accelerator — Atom smasher redirects here. For other uses, see Atom smasher (disambiguation). A 1960s single stage 2 MeV linear Van de Graaff accelerator, here opened for maintenance A particle accelerator[1] is a device that uses electromagnetic fields to… …   Wikipedia

  • Particle counter — A particle counter is an instrument that detects and counts particles. Applications of particle counters are separated into two primary categories:*Aerosol particle counters *Liquid particle countersAerosol particle countersAerosol Particle… …   Wikipedia

  • Particle in a one-dimensional lattice (periodic potential) — In quantum mechanics, the particle in a one dimensional lattice is a problem that occurs in the model of a periodic crystal lattice. The problem can be simplified from the 3D infinite potential barrier (particle in a box) to a one dimensional… …   Wikipedia

  • Particle-size analysis — This article describes the determination of the size of particulate solids, where the meaning of the particle excludes those of subatomic particles, which belong to the field of particle physics.Particle size analysis, particle size measurement,… …   Wikipedia

  • Particle experiments at Kolar Gold Fields — The Kolar Gold Fields (KGF), located in the Kolar district of the state of Karnataka, India, are a set of defunct gold mines known for the neutrino particle experiments and observations that took place here starting in 1960 cite… …   Wikipedia

  • Particle in a one-dimensional lattice — In quantum mechanics, the particle in a one dimensional lattice is a problem that occurs in the model of a periodic crystal lattice. The potential is caused by ions in the periodic structure of the crystal creating an electromagnetic field so… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.